To most people's belief there are six sets of seven wonders of the world: ancient, medieval, natural, underwater, modern and new. Since this is an Asian section I will introduce to you the Asian places in those sets only. First is the wonders of the ancient world. We have Turkey and Iraq. I know for sure Iraq is in Asia, but not quite sure about Turkey since it lies between Asia and Europe. Well, I'll just go ahead and count it as a part of Asia.
THE HANGING GARDENS OF BABYLON IN IRAQ
On the east bank of the River Euphrates, about 50 km south of Baghdad, Iraq.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the walls of Babylon were both supposedly built by Nebuchadnezzar around 600 BC to cheer up his homesick wife, Amyitis. However, there are doubts about the existence of the hanging gardens of Babylon because the founded gardens don't look completely like the ancient descriptions.
THE MAUSOLEUM OF MAUSSOLLOS IN TURKEY
Halicarnassus, present Bodrum, Turkey.
was built between ca 353 and 351 BC to hold the remains of Mausolus, a provincial king in the Persian Empire, and his wife, Artemisia.
This is the description of the tomb in wikipedia,
"The tomb was erected on a hill overlooking the city. The whole structure sat in an enclosed courtyard. At the center of the courtyard was a stone platform on which the tomb itself sat. A staircase, flanked by stone lions, led to the top of this platform. Along the outer wall of this were many statues depicting gods and goddess. At each corner stone warriors, mounted on horseback, guarded the tomb.
At the center of the platform was the tomb itself. Made mostly of marble, the structure rose as a square, tapering block to about one-third of the Mausoleum's 45-metre (135-foot) height. This section was covered with relief sculpture showing action scenes from Greek myth/history. One part showed the battle of the Centaurs with the Lapiths. Another depicted Greeks in combat with the Amazons, a race of warrior women.
On top of this section of the tomb thirty-six slim columns, nine per side, rose for another third of the height. Standing in between each column was another statue. Behind the columns was a solid block that carried the weight of the tomb's massive roof.
The roof, which comprised most of the final third of the height, was in the form of a stepped pyramid. Perched on top was a quadriga: four massive horses pulling a chariot in which images of Mausolus and Artemisia rode."
THE LIGHTHOUSE OF ALEXANDRIA IN EGYPT
on the island of Pharos off Alexandria, Egypt.
was built by Sostratus of Cnidus in the 3rd century BC and remained operational until it was largely destroyed by two earthquakes in the 14th century.
According to an article from wikipedia, "It was a tower that is estimated to have been 134 m (440 ft) high, at the time one of the tallest man-made structures on Earth. It was built of blocks of white stone. The tower was made up of three stages, a lower square with a central core, a middle octagonal section, and at the top a circular section. At its apex was positioned a mirror which reflected sunlight during the day; a fire was lit at night. As it can be seen from images of the Lighthouse on Roman coins struck by the Alexandrian mint, there were four statues of tritons blowing horns, one on every corner of the building. Also in the Roman period there was a statue atop the tower."
PYRAMIDS OF GIZA/THE GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA IN EGYPT
in the Giza necropolis on the outskirts of modern Cairo, Egypt.
- were built during Egypt's 4th dynasty (ca 2575–ca 2465 BC) and serving as tombs for the Egyptian pharaohs Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure. The Great Pyramid is a tomb of the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu; it's the tallest of all three pyramids.
- date of completion is 2570 BC.
- was constructed of limestone, basalt, and granite stones from two to four tonnes in weight each, adding up to a total estimated weight of some 7 million tonnes, and a volume of 2,600,600 cubic metres.
- The Great Pyramid differs in its internal arrangement from the other pyramids in the area. The greater number of passages and chambers, the high finish of parts of the work, and the accuracy of construction all distinguish it.
- labor force needed to construct was around 100,000 to 300,000 men.
THE TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS IN TURKEY
was located in the ancient city of Ephesus, about 50 km south from modern port city of Izmir, in Turkey.
The Temple was designed by the Greek architect Chersiphron, and built around 550 BC at the expense of Croesus, the wealthy king of Lydia. Marshy ground was selected for the building site as a precaution against future earthquakes (Pliny). The temple became a tourist attraction, visited by merchants, kings, and sightseers, many of whom paid homage to Artemis in the form of jewelry and various goods. Its splendor also attracted many worshippers, many of whom formed the cult of Artemis.