Turkmens of Iraq
The Turkomans of Iraq originally came from central Asia, in a migration that took place over several hundred years, beginning in the 7th century AD. Today, slightly more than two million Turkomans are believed to live in Iraq. They are Turkish speaking and almost all are Muslims, though there are also about 30,000 Christians.http://www.al-bab.com/arab/background/turkoman.htm
EUROPEAN TURKMEN FRIENDSHIPS
Iraqi Turkmens are the descendants of the Oghuz Turks who originally came from Central Asia. They started to settle in Iraq (Mesopotamia) in 835 where they established 8 different Turkish states and empires which ruled the region for nine centuries (from 1055 to 1918)
The Turkmens are the third main ethnic group in Iraq and the second main ethnic group in the north of Iraq. Their population is estimated at 3 million (12% of the Iraqi population).
Northern Iraq has been the homeland of the Iraqi Turkmens for over a millennium. The Turkmen region TURKMENELI lies between the Arab and Kurdish regions of Iraq, it stretches from Tel Afer in northern Iraq near the Syrian border to Mendeli near the Iranian border. The Turkmen population in Iraq is concentrated in the Provinces of Musul, Erbil, Kerkuk, Salaheddin, Dyala and Baghdad. Their biggest concentration is in Kerkuk, their capital city and main cultural centre since more than 800 years. Turkmens have played a constructive and important role in Mesopotamia (Iraq) where they established states and principalities and governed the region during centuries.http://turkmenfriendship.blogspot.com/2 ... ision.html