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intensive = stative ?

English grammar help. Grammar questions from ESL learners

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intensive = stative ?

Postby Hela » Thu Sep 30, 2004 3:02 pm

Dear teachers,

1) Is intensive verb the same as a stative verb?

2) Are the following verbs intensive / stative verbs?
a) appall(ed)
b) surpris(ed)
c) disappoint(ed)

Many thanks,
Hela
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Postby Alan » Fri Oct 01, 2004 4:23 am

'Intensive verb' is a rather abstruse technical synonym for a copular (not stative) verb.
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Postby Hela » Fri Oct 01, 2004 1:25 pm

Dear Alan,

Would you please tell me the difference between a copular/intensive verb and a stative verb?

Don't they both describe:

a) a state: be, look, seem, appear, sound, smell, taste, feel, consider; (love, like, dislike, loathe... ?)
b) a change: become, get or grow, turn;
c) an attitude: stay, remain, stand, keep ?

And what about the following verbs, are they intensive / stative verbs?
a) appall(ed)
b) surpris(ed)
c) disappoint(ed)

Thanks a lot,
Hela
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Postby Alan » Sun Oct 03, 2004 1:42 pm

A copular verb is one that links a subject to a complement rather than to an object (as does a transitive verb).

A stative verb is one which lacks progressive forms. 'Believe' is a stative verb (since we may not say '*I am believing') but not copular. 'Become', on the other hand, is copular but not stative (since we may say 'it is becoming...').
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