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citing words

English grammar help. Grammar questions from ESL learners

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citing words

Postby googl » Mon Oct 11, 2004 7:35 am

Dear Alan,

I'd like to ask whether could I mix active and passive by citing words:
I exclaimed 'Congratulations' to him + I congratulated him = I congratulated him by exclaiming 'Congratulations'
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Postby Alan » Mon Oct 11, 2004 9:48 am

The sentence is repetitive, but grammatical. (There's no passive here, though.)
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Postby googl » Mon Oct 11, 2004 10:37 am

Sorry - I wanted to write "reported and direct speech" but I wrote "active and passive". By the way, can I use the same in passive: I was congratulated + Sb said "Congratulations" -> I was congratulated by saying "Congratulations"??? (looks odd)
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Postby Alan » Tue Oct 12, 2004 1:33 pm

No, since the implied subjective agent of the participial phrase (she) differs from the clause-subject (I).
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Postby googl » Wed Oct 13, 2004 12:11 pm

Why you wrote 'she'?
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Postby Alan » Thu Oct 14, 2004 7:44 am

Sorry - I misread 'sb' as 'she' (please ignore it!) The only important point is that the two subjects differ.
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