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sentence analysis 1

English grammar help. Grammar questions from ESL learners

Moderator: Alan

sentence analysis 1

Postby Hela » Mon Oct 18, 2004 3:12 pm

Dear Alan,

Here are 3 sentences for correction:

1) The meeting is at 2:30.
a) The meeting = subject
b) is = copular verb
c) at 2.30 = adverbial of time ? (form = prepositional phrase)

2) She is ahead of her fellow students.
a) She = subject
b) is = copular verb
c) ahead of her fellow students = complement or adverbial ?
(form = adjectival or adverbial phrase ?)

3) We should look ahead.
a) We = subject
b) should look = copular verb
c) ahead = adverbial of place (form = adverbial (or adverb?) phrase)

Thanks,
Hela
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Posts: 553
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Re: sentence analysis 1

Postby Alan » Tue Oct 19, 2004 12:27 pm

Here are 3 sentences for correction:

1) The meeting is at 2:30.
a) The meeting = subject
b) is = copular verb
c) at 2.30 = adverbial of time ? (form = prepositional phrase)
******************************************************
Yes. The adverbial (c) is also complemental.
******************************************************
2) She is ahead of her fellow students.
a) She = subject
b) is = copular verb
c) ahead of her fellow students = complement or adverbial ?
(form = adjectival or adverbial phrase ?)
******************************************************
c = adverbial complement in the form of a prepositional phrase.

As I explained in a previous post, 'adverbial' and 'complement' are not mutually exclusive terms.
******************************************************
3) We should look ahead.
a) We = subject
b) should look = copular verb
c) ahead = adverbial of place (form = adverbial (or adverb?) phrase)
******************************************************
b= verb phrase, consisting of modal auxiliary 'should' plus infinitive of intransitive verb 'look' (there is no copular verb here)
c = adverbial modifier to 'look'
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