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sentence analysis 5

English grammar help. Grammar questions from ESL learners

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sentence analysis 5

Postby Hela » Mon Oct 18, 2004 3:21 pm

Dear Alan,

Here are the last 2 sentences for today:


1) The Indus was only a glinting trickle far below.

how many sentence elements does this sentence have?

Three ? =
a) The Indus = subject
b) was = copular verb
c) only a glinting trickle far below = adverbial of place?
(form?)

More ? = ?

2) There was no sign of the path, and no other trail looked at all convincing.

2 clauses:

1/ There was no sign of the path
a) There = ?
b) was = copular verb
c) no sigh of the path = ? (noun phrase?)

2/ and no other trail looked at all convincing
a) and = (form = coordinating conjunction) function ?
b) no other trail = subject
c) looked = copular verb
d) at all = adverbial ? (of what?) (form = adverb phrase?)
e) convincing = subject complement (form = adjectival (or adjective?) phrase?)

Best regards,
Hela
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Re: sentence analysis 5

Postby Alan » Tue Oct 19, 2004 12:52 pm

1) The Indus was only a glinting trickle far below.

how many sentence elements does this sentence have?
********
There is no fixed answer to this question: the number of sentence elements depends entirely on the depth of the analysis.

**********



2) There was no sign of the path, and no other trail looked at all convincing.

2 clauses:

1/ There was no sign of the path
a) There = PREPOSED ADVERBIAL COMPLEMENT (sometimes termed an 'existential pronoun')

b) was = copular verb
c) no sign of the path = noun phrase
*******

Yes, but note that postposed subject NP 'no sign of the path' consists of

non sign - NP
of the path - prepositional phrase

*********

2/ and no other trail looked at all convincing
a) and = CONJUNCTION (CLAUSE-COORDINATOR)
b) no other trail = subject
c) looked = copular verb
d) at all = ADVERBIAL, MODIFYING 'CONVINCING'
e) convincing = PARTICIPIAL ADJECTIVE, COMPLEMENTING 'LOOKED'

(My additions/ corrections in capitals)
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