EnglishClub
Home Learn English Teach English MyEnglishClub

Please note that these ESL Forums are NOT part of MyEnglishClub. To post at these ESL Forums please register ↑ first.


should have been VS must have been : parts of speech

English grammar help. Grammar questions from ESL learners

Moderator: Alan

should have been VS must have been : parts of speech

Postby Hela » Thu Dec 06, 2012 2:07 pm

Hello Alan,

I would like to parse the following verb phrases, is this the way to do it ?

1) You must have been saddened beyond words when you heard the President’s response.
you = personal pronoun
must = modal auxiliary
have = auxiliary
been = main verb
saddened = adjective
beyond = preposition
words = noun
when = subordinating conjunction ?

2) The parcel should have been re-routed to the correct destination.
parcel = noun
should = modal
have been = auxiliaries
re-routed = main verb
to = preposition ?

Thank you in advance.
Hela
Hela
Platinum Member
 
Posts: 553
Joined: Tue Jan 06, 2004 6:59 pm

Re: should have been VS must have been : parts of speech

Postby Alan » Fri Dec 07, 2012 6:07 am

You seem to be confusing semantic with syntactic labels: in both sentences 'have' and 'been' are (nonfinite) auxiliaries, while 'saddened' and 're-routed' are past participles.

'Main verb' as a grammatical (as opposed to a semantic) label is best reserved for finite verbal elements, which are in this case the modal auxiliaries 'must' and 'should'.
User avatar
Alan
EC Teacher
EC Teacher
 
Posts: 12003
Joined: Mon Dec 29, 2003 7:56 pm
Location: Japan
Status: English Teacher


Return to Grammar Help

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 15 guests