EnglishClub
Home Learn English Teach English MyEnglishClub Home Learn English Teach English MyEnglishClub

Please note that these ESL Forums are NOT part of MyEnglishClub. To post at these ESL Forums please register ↑ first.

should have been VS must have been : parts of speech

English grammar help. Grammar questions from ESL learners

Moderator: Alan

should have been VS must have been : parts of speech

Postby Hela » Thu Dec 06, 2012 2:07 pm

Hello Alan,

I would like to parse the following verb phrases, is this the way to do it ?

1) You must have been saddened beyond words when you heard the President’s response.
you = personal pronoun
must = modal auxiliary
have = auxiliary
been = main verb
saddened = adjective
beyond = preposition
words = noun
when = subordinating conjunction ?

2) The parcel should have been re-routed to the correct destination.
parcel = noun
should = modal
have been = auxiliaries
re-routed = main verb
to = preposition ?

Thank you in advance.
Hela
Hela
Platinum Member
 
Posts: 553
Joined: Tue Jan 06, 2004 6:59 pm

Re: should have been VS must have been : parts of speech

Postby Alan » Fri Dec 07, 2012 6:07 am

You seem to be confusing semantic with syntactic labels: in both sentences 'have' and 'been' are (nonfinite) auxiliaries, while 'saddened' and 're-routed' are past participles.

'Main verb' as a grammatical (as opposed to a semantic) label is best reserved for finite verbal elements, which are in this case the modal auxiliaries 'must' and 'should'.
User avatar
Alan
EC Teacher
EC Teacher
 
Posts: 12042
Joined: Mon Dec 29, 2003 7:56 pm
Location: Japan
Status: English Teacher


Return to Grammar Help

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 7 guests