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English grammar help. Grammar questions from ESL learners

Moderator: Alan


Postby Lone » Thu Apr 11, 2013 3:05 pm

Dear Alan,

"Is Sue home from work yet?"

My dictionary says the word 'home' in the above sentence is an adverb ... but why? My grammar says adverb has 3 functions: to modify verbs, to modify adjectives, and to modify adverbs. I thought 'home' here modifies 'Sue' which is a noun. Isn't it an adjective instead?

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Re: Adverb/Adjective?

Postby Alan » Mon Apr 15, 2013 7:21 am

No, it does not modify anything here: it complements the copula 'is' and does indeed function as an adverb. (As a simple check, note that the word 'home' here specifies simply WHERE Sue is - an adverbial function - and not what she is like!)
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