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direct speech introductory verbs

English grammar help. Grammar questions from ESL learners

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direct speech introductory verbs

Postby googl » Thu Oct 07, 2004 12:40 pm

Dear Alan,

I can use many introductory verbs (like say, tell, ask, forbid, encourage etc.) in reported speech. What with direct speech? Are these sentences correct?
He forbade me: "You can't do this" (instead of forbade doing)
I allowed him: "Yes, you may borrow it" (instead of allowed to borrow)
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Postby Alan » Thu Oct 07, 2004 1:02 pm

Neither of these is possible.

As you have realized, there are some verbs that lend themselves only to indirect constructions.
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Postby googl » Fri Oct 08, 2004 12:19 pm

Are there any other verbs used in direct speech other than say, tell, ask, exclaim? Is there a way to differentiate them from these verbs which cannot be used in direct speech (forbid)?
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Postby Alan » Fri Oct 08, 2004 2:30 pm

I'm afraid that I don't have access to any lists of such words, but I am certain you will find that the combinative possibilities must be learned on a case-by-case basis. If you are unsure about any particular word, please ask.
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