EnglishClub
Home Learn English Teach English MyEnglishClub

Please note that these ESL Forums are NOT part of MyEnglishClub. To post at these ESL Forums please register ↑ first.


transitive verb

English grammar help. Grammar questions from ESL learners

Moderator: Alan

transitive verb

Postby hanuman_2000 » Mon Oct 25, 2004 5:21 am

Sir,


How can I know that in particular sentence a verb is transitive or intransitive?


e.g

He went home.

He ran a long distance.

Thanks.
hanuman_2000
Platinum Member
 
Posts: 708
Joined: Mon Feb 16, 2004 3:48 am

Postby Alan » Mon Oct 25, 2004 7:29 am

Consult a good dictionary!
(Failing that, ask me!)
User avatar
Alan
EC Teacher
EC Teacher
 
Posts: 12003
Joined: Mon Dec 29, 2003 7:56 pm
Location: Japan
Status: English Teacher

verb

Postby hanuman_2000 » Mon Oct 25, 2004 1:12 pm

Sir,

I have read from a dictionary that a transitive verb takes object and intransitive verb does not take object.

but in followinf sentences I have some confusion e.g

I ran a long distance.

I=subject
ran =verb
a long distance=? is it object?.

Thanks.
hanuman_2000
Platinum Member
 
Posts: 708
Joined: Mon Feb 16, 2004 3:48 am

Postby Alan » Tue Oct 26, 2004 12:10 pm

No, the phrase ' a long distance' would normally be reckoned an adverbial (technically termed an 'adverbial objective'), since it specifies HOW FAR he ran, rather than 'what'. Compare this with

He ran a race.

where 'race' really could be reckoned an object.

Typically, though, 'run' is intransitive.
User avatar
Alan
EC Teacher
EC Teacher
 
Posts: 12003
Joined: Mon Dec 29, 2003 7:56 pm
Location: Japan
Status: English Teacher

Postby googl » Tue Oct 26, 2004 1:46 pm

Dear Alan,

is it adjunct? (is adjunct the same as adverbial objective?)
googl
Silver Member
 
Posts: 68
Joined: Fri Aug 27, 2004 8:29 pm
Location: Poland

Postby Alan » Wed Oct 27, 2004 2:40 am

An averbial objective is only one kind of adverbial adjunct: it is a NP before which a preposition has been ellipted, as here where 'a long distance' really means 'FOR a long distance'.

An adjunct is any constituent element of a phrase other than the head.
User avatar
Alan
EC Teacher
EC Teacher
 
Posts: 12003
Joined: Mon Dec 29, 2003 7:56 pm
Location: Japan
Status: English Teacher


Return to Grammar Help

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 7 guests