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transitive verb

English grammar help. Grammar questions from ESL learners

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transitive verb

Postby hanuman_2000 » Mon Oct 25, 2004 5:21 am

Sir,


How can I know that in particular sentence a verb is transitive or intransitive?


e.g

He went home.

He ran a long distance.

Thanks.
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Postby Alan » Mon Oct 25, 2004 7:29 am

Consult a good dictionary!
(Failing that, ask me!)
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verb

Postby hanuman_2000 » Mon Oct 25, 2004 1:12 pm

Sir,

I have read from a dictionary that a transitive verb takes object and intransitive verb does not take object.

but in followinf sentences I have some confusion e.g

I ran a long distance.

I=subject
ran =verb
a long distance=? is it object?.

Thanks.
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Postby Alan » Tue Oct 26, 2004 12:10 pm

No, the phrase ' a long distance' would normally be reckoned an adverbial (technically termed an 'adverbial objective'), since it specifies HOW FAR he ran, rather than 'what'. Compare this with

He ran a race.

where 'race' really could be reckoned an object.

Typically, though, 'run' is intransitive.
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Postby googl » Tue Oct 26, 2004 1:46 pm

Dear Alan,

is it adjunct? (is adjunct the same as adverbial objective?)
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Postby Alan » Wed Oct 27, 2004 2:40 am

An averbial objective is only one kind of adverbial adjunct: it is a NP before which a preposition has been ellipted, as here where 'a long distance' really means 'FOR a long distance'.

An adjunct is any constituent element of a phrase other than the head.
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