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Possessive Adjectives

Warning! These are adjectives. Don't confuse them with pronouns!

We use possessive adjectives to show who owns or "possesses" something. The possessive adjectives are:

  • my, your, his, her, its, our, their
  • whose (interrogative)
number person gender possessive
adjective
example sentence
singular 1st male/female my This is my book.
2nd male/female your I like your hair.
3rd male his His name is "John".
female her Her name is "Mary".
neuter its The dog is licking its paw.
plural 1st male/female our We have sold our house.
2nd male/female your Your children are lovely.
3rd male/female/neuter their The students thanked their teacher.
         
singular/plural 1st/2nd/3rd male/female (not neuter) whose Whose phone did you use?
Compare:

your = possessive adjective
you're = you are

its = possessive adjective
it's = it is OR it has

their = possessive adjective
they're = they are
there = adverb (I'm not going there / look over there / there is a car outside)

whose = possessive adjective
who's = who is OR who has

Be careful! There is no apostrophe (') in the possessive adjective "its". We use an apostrophe to write the short form of "it is" or "it has". For example:
it's raining = it is raining
it's finished = it has finished

I'm taking my dog to the vet. It's broken its leg.

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