Formation of Superlative Adjectives
As with comparative adjectives, there are two ways to form a superlative adjective:
- short adjectives: add "-est"
- long adjectives: use "most"
We also usually add 'the' at the beginning.
|2-syllable adjectives ending in -y
|Normal rule: add "-est"
||old → the oldest
|Variation: if the adjective ends in -e, just add -st
||late → the latest
|Variation: if the adjective ends in consonant, vowel, consonant, double the last consonant
||big → the biggest
|Variation: if the adjective ends in -y, change the y to i
||happy → the happiest
|2-syllable adjectives not ending in -y
|all adjectives of 3 or more syllables
|Normal rule: use "most"
||modern → the most modern
expensive → the most expensive
With some 2-syllable adjectives, we can use '-est' or
- quiet → the quietest/most quiet
- clever → the cleverest/most clever
- narrow → the narrowest/most narrow
- simple → the simplest/most simple
The following adjectives have irregular forms:
- good → the best
- bad → the worst
- far → the farthest/furthest
Use of Superlative Adjectives »