Parts of Speech Table
This is a summary of the 8 parts of speech*. You can find more detail if you click on each part of speech.
|part of speech
||function or "job"
||action or state
||(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must
||EnglishClub is a web site. I like EnglishClub.
||thing or person
||pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John
||This is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.
||describes a noun
||a/an, the, 2, some, good, big, red, well, interesting
||I have two dogs. My dogs are big. I like big dogs.
||describes a verb, adjective or adverb
||quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really
||My dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.
||replaces a noun
||I, you, he, she, some
||Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.
||links a noun to another word
||to, at, after, on, but
||We went to school on Monday.
||joins clauses or sentences or words
||and, but, when
||I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats.
||short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence
||oh!, ouch!, hi!, well
||Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.
* Some grammar sources categorize English into 9 or 10 parts of speech. At EnglishClub, we use the traditional categorization of 8 parts of speech. Examples of other categorizations are:
- Verbs may be treated as two different parts of speech:
- Lexical Verbs (work, like, run)
- Auxiliary Verbs (be, have, must)
- Determiners may be treated as a separate part of speech, instead of being categorized under Adjectives
Parts of Speech Examples