|direct question||reported question|
|She said: "Are you cold?"||She asked me if I was cold.|
|He said: "Where's my pen?"||He asked where his pen was.|
Reported questions are one form of reported speech.
We usually introduce reported questions with the verb "ask":
- He asked (me) if/whether... (YES/NO questions)
- He asked (me) why/when/where/what/how... (Question Word questions)
As with reported statements, we may need to change pronouns and tense (backshift) as well as time and place in reported questions.
But we also need to change the word order. After we report a question, it is no longer a question (and in writing there is no question mark). The word order is like that of a normal statement (subject-verb-object).
We introduce reported YES/NO questions with ask + if:
|direct||She said: "||Do you like coffee||?"||In reported question: No auxiliary "do". Pronoun change and backshift.|
|reported||She asked if||I liked coffee||.|
Note that we sometimes use "whether" instead of "if". The meaning is the same. "Whether" is a little more formal and more usual in writing:
- They asked us if we wanted lunch.
- They asked us whether we wanted lunch.
Question Word questions
We introduce reported Question Word questions with ask + question word:
|direct||He said: "Where||do you live||?"||In reported question: No auxiliary "do". Pronoun change and backshift.|
|reported||He asked me where||I lived||.|
Remember that there are basically three types of question: 1) YES/NO questions: Do you want tea? 2) Question Word questions: Where did you drink tea? 3) Choice questions: Do you prefer tea or coffee? Reported Choice questions have the same structure as Reported YES/NO questions. Questions with the verb BE always have a different structure: Was the tea cold? Where is my tea? You can see all these differences in the examples below.
Look at these example sentences:
| ||direct question||reported question|
|YES/NO question||I said: "Can I help you?"||I asked if I could help her.|
|She said to us: "Did you feel cold?"||She asked if we had felt cold.|
|He said: "Are your hands cold?"||He asked whether my hands were cold.|
|Question Word question||He said: "Where are you going?"||He asked me where I was going.|
|He said: "Why didn't you say something?"||He asked me why I hadn't said anything.|
|He said: "When will they come?"||He asked when they would come.|
|He said: "Who has seen Avatar?"||He asked me who had seen Avatar.|
|He said: "How much might it cost?"||He asked me how much it might cost.|
|She said to me: "Where is the station?"||She asked me where the station was.|
|Choice question||"Do you want tea or coffee?"||He asked whether I wanted tea or coffee.|
|"Is the car new or second-hand?"||He asked whether the car was new or second-hand.|
Now let's consider Reported Requests →