When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. It is important to understand that they are not the same.
When we use a verb in -ing form more like a noun, it is usually a gerund:
When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an adjective, it is usually a present participle:
Gerunds are sometimes called "verbal nouns".
In this lesson, we look at how we use gerunds, followed by a quiz to check your understanding:
Many grammarians do not like to use the expression "gerund". That is because there is sometimes no clear difference between a gerund and a present participle.