EnglishClub
Home Learn English Teach English MyEnglishClub
English Club : Learn English : Grammar : Verbs : Going to

Going to

Going to is not a tense. It is a special expression to talk about the future.

Structure of Going to

The structure is:

subject + be + going + infinitive

The verb be is conjugated (past, present or future).

  subject be (not) going infinitive  
+ I am   going to buy a new car.
+ I'm   going to go swimming.
- He is not going to take the exam.
- It isn't going to rain.  
? Are you   going to paint the house?

Use of Going to

Going to - intention

We use going to when we have the intention to do something before we speak. We have already made a decision before speaking. Look at these examples:

  • Jo has won the lottery. He says he's going to buy a Porsche.
  • We're not going to paint our bedroom tomorrow.
  • When are you going to go on holiday?

In these examples, we had an intention or plan before speaking. The decision was made before speaking.

Going to - prediction

We often use going to to make a prediction about the future. Our prediction is based on present evidence. We are saying what we think will happen. Here are some examples:

  • The sky is very black. It's going to snow.
  • It's 8.30! You're going to miss the train!
  • I crashed the company car. My boss isn't going to be very happy!

In these examples, the present situation (black sky, the time, damaged car) gives us a good idea of what is going to happen.

Terms | Privacy | Contact | Report error

EnglishClub Group EnglishClub EasyEnglish ESLDepot Teflnet

© 1997-2014 EnglishClub