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English Club : Learn English : Pronunciation : Minimal Pairs : /d/ and /ʤ/

Minimal Pairs /d/ and /ʤ/

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Below are lists of words that vary only by one having the sound /d/ and the other having the sound /ʤ/. You can use this to practise the sounds or as a list of words to be careful to pronounce properly.

This page uses the symbols of the Phonemic Chart. You can listen to the symbols here.

/ʤ/ is an explosive sound that is like a voiced version of /ʧ/ and therefore quite a lot of air is expelled from a rounded mouth. /d/ is a voiced version of /t/ and so the sound is made with your tongue behind your top teeth.

Elementary

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  • day J
  • do Jew*
  • dob* job
  • door jaw*
  • gym dim*
  • head hedge*
  • jam dam*

Pre-Intermediate

  • dear jeer*
  • deep jeep
  • dive jive*
  • dog jog
  • dot jot*
  • Ds geez*
  • gin din*
  • jump dump*
  • paid page
  • said sedge*

Intermediate

  • charred* charge
  • dale* jail
  • jet debt
  • jig* dig
  • jug dug
  • junk dunk*
  • just dust
  • led ledge*
  • mid midge*
  • weighed wage

Upper-Intermediate

  • CAD cadge
  • day jay
  • deans jeans
  • dock jock*
  • dread dredge*
  • gel dell*
  • gip* dip
  • jam damn
  • raid rage
  • rid ridge*
  • seed siege
  • sled sledge
  • wed wedge

Advanced

  • barred barge
  • bud budge
  • dosh josh
  • doss joss
  • doused joust
  • ford forge
  • gist dissed
  • gored gorge
  • jab dab
  • jangle dangle
  • jink dink
  • jinx dinks
  • pled pledge
  • purred purge

* the meaning of the word is not important at this level, but it can still be used to contrast the pronunciation with the other word.

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