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English Club : Learn English : Pronunciation : Minimal Pairs : /ʤ/ and /z/

Minimal Pairs /ʤ/ and /z/

page and pays

Below are lists of words that vary only by one having the sound /ʤ/ and the other having the sound /z/. You can use this to practise the sounds or as a list of words to be careful to pronounce properly.

This page uses the symbols of the Phonemic Chart. You can listen to the symbols here.

/ʤ/ is an explosive sound that is like a voiced version of /ʧ/ and therefore almost like a sneeze and so it is impossible to extend the sound for very long. /z/ is a smooth sound that is a voiced version of /s/ and so can be extended as long as you like.

Elementary

  • cage* Ks
  • page pays
  • siege* sees
  • stage* stays
  • wodge* was

Pre-Intermediate

  • barge* bars
  • change chains*
  • charge chars*
  • forge* fours
  • fridge frizz*
  • gip* zip
  • siege* Cs
  • wage ways

Intermediate

  • binge* bins
  • gauge* gays
  • gunge* guns
  • Jew zoo
  • rage* raise
  • strange strains*
  • tinge* tins

Upper-Intermediate

  • flange* flans
  • fudge fuzz*
  • mage* maze
  • marge Mars
  • rage rays
  • sarge* SARS
  • siege seize
  • singe* sins

Advanced

  • budge buzz
  • gauge gaze
  • gorge gauze
  • grange grains
  • jag zag
  • jest zest
  • jig zig
  • purge purrs

* the meaning of the word is not important at this level, but it can still be used to contrast the pronunciation with the other word.

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