Minimal Pairs initial /k/ and /g/

as in came and game

Below is a list of words that vary only by one beginning with the sound /k/ and the other beginning with the sound /g/.

You can use this list to practise the sounds, or as a list of words to be careful in pronouncing.

/k/ and /g/ are pronounced with identical mouth positions, but /k/ is pronounced without using the vocal chords and with more air released.


came game

card guard

class glass

cold gold

could good


cave gave

clean glean

cot got

crate great

crease Greece


cap gap

cash gash

Co. go

coast ghost

coat goat

come gum

con gone

course gorse

crab grab

cram gram

creek Greek

crepe grape

crew grew

croup group

crow grow

curly girly

cut gut

K gay

key ghee

kill gill


cane gain

clad glad

clamour glamour

clue glue

cod god

crane grain

crease grease

creed greed

crime grime

krill grill


cab gab

caf gaff

cape gape

clam glam

cob gob

coo goo

cord gored

core gore

cork gawk

corp gawp

cosh gosh

coup goo

coy goy

cramps gramps

crate grate

craven graven

craze graze

cripes gripes

crowned ground

crumble grumble

cuff guff

cull gull

cunning gunning

curd gird

cussed gust

kale gale

kilt gilt

kit git

kraut grout