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Minimal Pairs /ɒ/ and /əʊ/ and

not and note

This page uses the symbols of the Phonemic Chart. You can listen to the symbols here.

Below are lists of words that vary only by one having the vowel sound /ɒ/ and the other the vowel sound /əʊ/. You can use this to practise the sounds or as a list of words to be careful to pronounce properly.

/ɒ/ is a short single sound made without the mouth moving. /əʊ/ is a diphthong -- a longer sound made of two sounds -- meaning that the mouth moves during production of the sound.

Elementary

  1. not note
  2. want won’t

Pre-Intermediate

  1. got goat
  2. hop hope
  3. on own

Intermediate

  1. cost coast
  2. non known
  3. odd owed
  4. rod road
  5. rot wrote
  6. sop soap
  7. stock stoke
  8. tossed toast
  9. wok woke

Upper-Intermediate

  1. block bloke
  2. bond boned
  3. bossed boast
  4. clock cloak
  5. cock coke
  6. cod code
  7. col coal
  8. cop cope
  9. god goad
  10. jock joke
  11. mod mode
  12. pop pope
  13. rob robe
  14. rod rode
  15. ROM roam
  16. shod showed
  17. smock smoke
  18. sock soak
  19. sod sewed

Advanced

  1. blot bloat
  2. bod bode
  3. bonze bones
  4. chock choke
  5. cocks coax
  6. con cone
  7. crock croak
  8. doss dose
  9. dot dote
  10. foggy fogey
  11. glob globe
  12. hod hoed
  13. lob lobe
  14. lop lope
  15. mod mowed
  16. mop mope
  17. mot mote
  18. nod node
  19. odd ode
  20. rot rote
  21. slop slope
  22. sod sowed
  23. tock toke
  24. tod toad
  25. tot tote

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