English novelist, short story writer and poet
1865 - 1936
Rudyard Kipling is probably best known for his children's books, but he also wrote many poems and short stories.
Kipling was born in India of English parents. After his education in England, he returned to India to begin his career as a journalist and editor. On his return to London in 1889 he became a full time writer, but he travelled widely, including visits to South Africa during the Boer War.
British Imperialism is a key theme of much of Kipling's work. He also wrote many books about soldiers and school. In 1907 he became the first British writer to win the Nobel Peace Prize.