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sum up

Meaning: If you sum up something, you give a quick summary of it.

Synonym: summarize

For example:

  • sum up At the end of his lecture, Professor Essberger summed up by repeating some of his main points.

  • sum sth up After he'd summed his ideas up, the speaker said he could answer some questions.

  • sum up sth At the end of your essay, sum up your main argument.

Nouns often used as objects with
sum up: lecture, talk, proposal, idea, essay, argument, viewpoint

Quick Quiz:

Public speakers sum up what they've said
  1. at the end of their talk
  2. at the start of their talk
  3. in the middle of their talk

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