raise OR rise?
The verbs raise and rise both refer to something going "up". The main difference between them is that raise is transitive (it must have a direct object) and rise is intransitive (no direct object).
- Something raises something.
- Something rises.
We also note that:
- raise is regular: raise, raised, raised
- rise is irregular: rise, rose, risen
raise (regular, transitive)
raise, raised, raised, raising
If you raise something, it means that you elevate it - you move it up or lift it to a higher level.
- The government plans to raise the age of retirement from 65 to 67.
- If you have a question, please raise your hand.
- Mary raises her voice when she's angry.
- He raised his eyebrows, as if surprised.
- They have raised their prices every year since they were founded.
- The king's men were raising the drawbridge when it collapsed.
rise (irregular, intransitive)
rise, rose, risen, rising
If something rises, it means that it elevates itself - it goes up itself. No external force is needed to lift it. But note that there is not always a physical movement; sometimes the meaning is just "to increase".
- I like to rise at 6am, but my husband stays in bed until 8am.
- If it doesn't stop raining, the river will rise and overflow.
- Hot air rises.
- John rose from his chair when Mary walked in.
- Jane has risen in her company very quickly and is now CEO.
- Prices are rising all the time.
- We raise the flag when the sun rises, and we lower it when the sun goes down.
- Whenever our commanding officer comes in, we rise from our chairs and raise our hands in salute.
- The helicopter rose into the air, raising the survivors out of the water.
- Did you get a 4% pay rise last year? (BrE)
- My boss said he's giving me a pay raise next month. (AmE)