North, South, East & West - Usage
Each of the points of the compass (north, south, east, west, south-east, north-west etc) can be:
- noun (The sun rises in the east.)
- adjective (It is sunny on the east coast.)
- adverb (We drove east for 50 miles.)
Look at some more example sentences:
|Penguins live in the south.||noun|
|The wind is coming from the east.|
|He lives in the south-east of England.|
|He lives in South London.||adjective|
|The storm will reach the north-west coast tomorrow.|
|Polar bears live at the North Pole.|
|Penguins live at the South Pole.|
|Is the country South Africa in the south of the African continent?||adjective | noun|
|Our house faces south-west.||adverb|
|Our car broke down a mile east of the city.|
|He lives south of London.|
The points of the compass are capitalized when they form part of a name, for example: South Africa, East Timor, North America, the South Pole, Northwest Territories.
Notice the difference between "in the south" and "to the south" or just "south":
- Paris is in the north of France.
- Sweden is north of France.
- Belgium is to the north of France.
- Canada is north of the USA.
- The USA is north of Mexico
- Mexico is south of the USA.
- Moscow is in the west of Russia.
- Europe is west of Russia.
- Europe is to the west of Russia.
- Shanghai is in the east of China.
- Japan is east of China.
- Japan is to the east of China.
Try the North, South, East & West Quiz to check your understanding >