Vocabulary Reference

Welcome to EnglishClub's reference of English words and phrases for ESL learners and teachers, many with example sentences, explanations and quizzes

English Alphabet

The 26 letters in alphabetical order

English Phonetic Spelling Alphabet

A for Alpha, B for Bravo, C for Charlie

Dictionary or Thesaurus?

What's the difference between a dictionary and a thesaurus?

Synonyms and Antonyms

What's the difference between a synonym and an antonym?

Confusing Words

Do we say bring/take? almost/most? do/make?

Figures of Speech

A picture is worth a thousand words. These pages look at the colourful language of simile, metaphor, hyperbole and oxymoron.


Nouns (and a few other words) derived from the names of real or fictitious people
List of Eponyms


Selected English quotations, giving author details, word definitions and contextual notes


English sayings and proverbs, with possible interpretations, word definitions, explanations, origins, quizzes and answers

Conversational Phrases

Conversational phrases are expressions that are typically used in speaking, less so in writing.


English slang words and phrases, with definitions, sample sentences, origins, notes, warnings, quizzes and answers

Phrasal Verbs

A reference of English phrasal verbs, with definitions, explanations, example sentences, quizzes and answers

Common Idioms

Common English idioms in categories, with meanings, example sentences and quizzes.

Idioms List

Hundreds more idioms with definitions, explanations, sample sentences, quizzes and answers


Collocations are words that go together, like fast food or vaguely remember. These pages explain collocations and give examples.

Collocations List

Over one thousand collocations with example sentences, notes and quizzes

Power of 7

A light-hearted look at vocabulary and curiosities in handy chunks of 7

Functional Language

Useful expressions for functions like giving advice, apologizing or asking for opinions

British vs American Vocabulary

Some of the main differences in terms of words


The language of meauring weight, in British and American English

Male/Female Vocabulary

Som common male and female equivalent terms for people, occupations and family members

Military Ranks

Equivalent military ranks in British and US armies, navies and air forces

Foreign Words in English

Foreign words in English, including common Latin and French phrases and abbreviations