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Adding -er/est

We make the comparative or superlative forms of short adjectives by adding -er or -est.

Spelling Rule
Just add -er or -est to the end of the adjective, for example:

  • quick > quicker > quickest
  • great > greater > greatest
  • full > fuller > fullest

Exceptions

If the adjective ends in:

do this:

and add:

For example:

consonant + -y

change the -y to an -i

-er

-est

happy > happier > happiest

consonant + -e

remove the -e

late > later > latest

consonant + vowel + consonant

double the last letter

hot > hotter > hottest

Note: adjectives ending in -l are regular, except:
cruel > crueller > cruellest

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