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Law Vocabulary

This page shows 20 words and phrases typically used in the legal field, which you can also find in the EnglishClub ebook Essential Business Words.
  term meaning
1 attorney n. 1 a person appointed to act for or represent another 2US lawyer
2 barristerUK n. a lawyer who pleads before a superior court
3 brief n. 1UK instructions to a barrister - also v. 2US written statement of facts
4 case n. statement of the facts in a trial, esp. the argument of one side
5 contract n. a formal agreement, usually in writing, between two or more parties
6 court of law n. the place where law cases are heard and decided; court - courtroom n.
7 evidence n. information presented to a court to prove or support a point in question
8 guilty adj. responsible for wrong; culpable - guilt n. not guilty adj.
9 judge n. official with authority to hear and decide cases in a court of law - also v.
10 jury n. a group of people chosen to hear the evidence of a case and give a decision
11 lawsuit n. a trial at court between two private parties
12 lawyer n. a person trained in law and who advises or represents others
13 plead v. 1 to defend a law case 2 to declare oneself to be guilty or not guilty - plea n.
14 sentence n. 1 decision of a court, esp. as to the punishment 2 the punishment - also v.
15 solicitor n. 1UK lawyer advising clients & briefing barristers 2US law officer for a city etc
16 sue v. to start legal action against someone in a court of law - lawsuit n.
17 sum up v. to summarise & review the evidence of a case - summing up n.
18 trial n. a formal examination of a case in a court of law - to try v.
19 verdict n. the formal decision or finding of a judge or jury
20 without prejudice without detriment or damage to a legal right or claim