Listen&Learn: The Berlin Wall

Jaksyn Peacock Posted by: Jaksyn Peacock
Learn about the wall that divided the German city for nearly 30 years.

Pre-listening vocabulary

  • Allied Powers: the countries that fought against Nazi Germany in World War II
  • region: an area inside a country
  • defect: to leave a country for political reasons
  • border: the division between two regions
  • diplomat: a person who represents their country in negotiations
  • checkpoint: a place where people are verified by security
  • signify: to show that something is happening

Listening activity

Gapfill exercise

The Berlin Wall was a barrier that separated West Berlin from the rest of East Germany during the Cold War. After World War II, the Allied Powers divided Germany into four regions. The Soviet Union the eastern region, and the United States, Britain, and France controlled the western regions. The communist of East Germany built the Berlin Wall in 1961 to stop people from defecting. The only people who could cross the border were diplomats, and they had to go through special checkpoints. In 1989, East Germany finally declared that people would be able to cross the border . Over 2 million people arrived at the border. Some brought to tear the wall down. The of the wall came to signify the beginning of the end of the Cold War. 

Comprehension questions

See answers below

  1. The wall was built by the government of
    a. Russia
    b. East Germany
    c. West Germany
  2. The purpose of the wall was to
    a. stop people from immigrating to the country
    b. protect the country from military advances
    c. stop people from defecting
  3. The wall came down in
    a. 1961
    b. 1968
    c. 1989

Discussion/essay questions

  1. The Berlin Wall was one structure that represented a major political divide across Europe. Why do you think it is so easy to divide people?

Transcript

The Berlin Wall was a barrier that separated West Berlin from the rest of East Germany during the Cold War. After World War II, the Allied Powers divided Germany into four regions. The Soviet Union controlled the eastern region, and the United States, Britain, and France controlled the western regions. The communist government of East Germany built the Berlin Wall in 1961 to stop people from defecting. The only people who could cross the border were diplomats, and they had to go through special checkpoints. In 1989, East Germany finally declared that people would be able to cross the border freely. Over 2 million people arrived at the border. Some brought tools to tear the wall down. The fall of the wall came to signify the beginning of the end of the Cold War. 

Answers to comprehension questions

1b 2c 3c

Written and recorded by Jaksyn Peacock for EnglishClub
© EnglishClub.com

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