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photo Tara Benwell Instructions:
  1. Preview the vocabulary and read the gapfill text.
  2. Play the news report and try to fill in the blanks.
  3. Answer the comprehension questions by writing full sentences.
  4. Use the discussion question to write an essay or discuss the story with other students.
  5. Click "show Answers" to see the full text.
  6. Pretend to be a news anchor by reading each story out loud.

China Shifts to Two-Child Policy

dateline: 03 November 2015

Pre-Listening Vocabulary

  • shift: to make a change
  • policy: a system or rule outlined by a governing body
  • fine: money owed as punishment for breaking a rule or law
  • abortion: a procedure that purposely ends the life of an unborn baby
  • norm: something that is so common that it is considered normal
  • not afford: to not have enough money for something

China Switchs to Two-Child Policy

The government of China has announced that married couples in China will be legally allowed to have two-child families as of March 2016. China’s policy, which has been since 1980, has prevented 400 million births. In the past 35 years, many Chinese couples have faced fines for having a second child while others have been forced to have abortions. A relaxed family planning policy does not mean that couples will at the chance to have larger families. Single-child families are the social norm in China, and many couples cannot afford to have more than one child to the high cost of living.

Comprehension Questions

  1. What major policy does China plan to switch to in 2016?
  2. How long has the one-child policy been in effect in China?
  3. According to the report, why will many Chinese couples continue to only have one child despite the new policy?

Discussion Questions: China’s one-child policy is a controversial form of population control that has resulted in a significant gender imbalance. How did this policy create this imbalance, and how will this affect China’s future?

show Answers

Written by Tara Benwell for EnglishClub
Tara Benwell is a Canadian freelance writer and editor who specializes in materials and articles for the ELT industry.

One Comment on “China Shifts to Two-Child Policy”

  1. Kyungwon Lee says:

    Today, China has a lot of people, and they constantly make a family. In the high population density, there is a serious gap between rich and poor occurs. On the order hands, poor people wants to have many child but rich people wants to have less baby and raise them in the high quality life. I think this policy is unfair. Therefore, government of China should revise their law.

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