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New York City Was Once New Amsterdam


Interesting Facts in Easy English

Pre-Listening Vocabulary

  • golden age: a period of wealth and advancement
  • settlers: people who move to an undeveloped area and begin to live and work there
  • surrender: to not fight
  • reclaim: to take back something that was once yours

New York City Was Once New Amsterdam

Have you ever wondered how New York City got name? During the Dutch Golden Age, in the 17th century, New York City was called New Amsterdam. It was Holland’s largest city by Dutch settlers in 1624. New Amsterdam was the of New Netherland, where the Dutch were heavily involved with the fur trade. In 1664, the English organized a takeover and the colony was peacefully surrendered. The British renamed the city New York after the Duke of York who had the takeover. The Dutch reclaimed the area briefly in 1673 and named it . By 1664, however, the English were back in control, and it has been New York ever since.

Comprehension Questions

  1. What was New York City called before it was called New York?
  2. What did early Dutch settlers become involved with in the New York area?
  3. Why does the report mention the word “orange”?

Discussion Questions: The borough of Brooklyn in New York City was also named after a town in the Netherlands. Does your birthplace or hometown have a story for its name?

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