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Marie Curie

24th June 2020 by Jaksyn Peacock

Pre-listening vocabulary

  • physicist: a type of scientist who studies physics
  • admit: to allow someone to enter a place
  • mineral: a solid natural substance
  • property: an attribute or quality that something has
  • radioactivity: the emission of radiation from certain elements
  • exposure: the state of coming into contact with something, especially something dangerous

Listening activity

Gapfill exercise

Marie Curie was a Polish-born French physicist, known for her of radioactive chemicals. She was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1867, the youngest of five children in her family. Growing up, Curie was smart and , and dreamed of getting a university degree. However, the University of Warsaw only admitted male students at the time. In order to get her degree, Curie moved to Paris. She studied physics at Sorbonne University, and later received another degree in math. After her , Curie went on to become a scientist. While working with a mineral known as pitchblende, Curie discovered a new chemical property, which we now know as radioactivity. She also discovered two new elements, which she called polonium and radium. Because of these scientific discoveries, Curie became the first person to ever win two Nobel Prizes. Curie died in 1934 from an caused by her exposure to radiation. However, her research has helped modern develop treatments for cancer, and she is still seen as one of the greatest scientists of all time.

Comprehension questions

1. Marie Curie was born in

Correct! Wrong!

Marie Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland.

2. Curie moved to Paris for her degree because

Correct! Wrong!

Curie moved to Paris for her degree because the University of Warsaw only admitted male students.

3. Curie was the first person to

Correct! Wrong!

Curie was the first person to win two Nobel Prizes.

Discussion/essay questions

  1. While Marie Curie’s research did help scientists develop cancer treatments, her research was also important for the invention of the atomic bomb during World War II. The atomic bomb is still a controversial subject because of the amount of deaths it caused. Do you think Curie’s discoveries had a positive impact on the world, or a negative one?

Transcript

Marie Curie was a Polish-born French physicist, known for her research of radioactive chemicals. She was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1867, the youngest of five children in her family. Growing up, Curie was smart and curious, and dreamed of getting a university degree. However, the University of Warsaw only admitted male students at the time. In order to get her degree, Curie moved to Paris. She studied physics at Sorbonne University, and later received another degree in math. After her education, Curie went on to become a scientist. While working with a mineral known as pitchblende, Curie discovered a new chemical property, which we now know as radioactivity. She also discovered two new elements, which she called polonium and radium. Because of these scientific discoveries, Curie became the first person to ever win two Nobel Prizes. Curie died in 1934 from an illness caused by her exposure to radiation. However, her research has helped modern scientists develop treatments for cancer, and she is still seen as one of the greatest scientists of all time.

The French Revolution

27th May 2020 by Jaksyn Peacock

Pre-listening vocabulary

  • revolution: a movement that leads to change in a political system
  • unrest: a state of anger among the population, often leading to protests
  • reign: the period of time where a king or queen is in power
  • assembly: a group of people with the power to make decisions for a country
  • commoner: a person of lower social status; not a royal or a noble
  • abolish: to put an end to a system or law
  • monarchy: a political system where power is passed down through a family

Listening activity

Gapfill exercise

The French Revolution was a political movement that took place in the late 18th century. The unrest in France began during the reign of King Louis XVI, whose spending had led the country into debt. In order to solve this problem, Louis XVI called on an assembly of French citizens to vote on what to do. However, poor citizens found that higher-class citizens had the power to outvote them. This led to the decision to place higher on commoners. Angered by this decision, the commoners created their own assembly, and began to revolt. After invading Louis XVI’s palace, the revolutionaries gained of France. The new government abolished the monarchy and executed both the king and his wife, Marie Antoinette. But while the king was no longer in charge of France, the French Revolution would for years after his execution, as the new government waged war against other European countries that were afraid their citizens would follow France’s example.

Comprehension questions

1. France was in debt because

Correct! Wrong!

France was in debt because Louis XVI had made poor spending decisions.

2. The commoners were angry because

Correct! Wrong!

The commoners were angry because the higher-class people voted to tax them more.

3. France was at war with other European countries because

Correct! Wrong!

France was at war with other European countries because some leaders were afraid that their people would follow France's example.

Discussion/essay questions

  1. France was one of the first countries in Europe to abolish their monarchy. Many other countries began to do the same thing as time went on. Today, most European countries have elected leaders. Do you think this would have been different if the French Revolution had never happened?

Transcript

The French Revolution was a violent political movement that took place in the late 18th century. The unrest in France began during the reign of King Louis XVI, whose spending decisions had led the country into debt. In order to solve this problem, Louis XVI called on an assembly of French citizens to vote on what to do. However, poor citizens found that higher-class citizens had the power to outvote them. This led to the decision to place higher taxes on commoners. Angered by this decision, the commoners created their own assembly, and began to revolt. After invading Louis XVI’s palace, the revolutionaries gained control of France. The new government abolished the monarchy and executed both the king and his wife, Marie Antoinette. But while the king was no longer in charge of France, the French Revolution would continue for years after his execution, as the new government waged war against other European countries that were afraid their citizens would follow France’s example.

The Mona Lisa

1st April 2020 by Jaksyn Peacock

Pre-listening vocabulary

  • employee: a person who is paid to work for a person or company
  • display: to show something in public
  • vandal: a person who destroys property
  • replicate: to make a copy of something

Listening activity

Gapfill exercise

The Mona Lisa is considered the most famous painting in the world. The piece was painted by Italian Leonardo da Vinci. It is currently displayed in the Louvre, a famous art museum in Paris, France. The painting gained international attention when it was from the museum in 1911. It was missing for two years before a former Louvre employee named Vincenzo Peruggia was caught trying to sell the painting. Peruggia had stolen the painting because he believed that it should belong in an Italian museum, rather than a French one. After Peruggia’s arrest, the Mona Lisa was returned to the Louvre. However, the Mona Lisa’s fame many vandals. In 1956, a vandal threw acid at the painting, causing damage. It is now kept behind bulletproof glass to it from any acts of vandalism. The Mona Lisa is also one of the most commonly replicated paintings. Since 1911, many artists have tried to recreate the Mona Lisa, and a few older exist that may have been painted by da Vinci’s students.

Comprehension questions

1. The Mona Lisa is displayed in a museum in

Correct! Wrong!

The Mona Lisa is displayed in a museum in France.

2. The Mona Lisa became famous because

Correct! Wrong!

The Mona Lisa became famous because it was stolen in 1911.

3. The older copies of the Mona Lisa may have been painted by

Correct! Wrong!

The older copies of the Mona Lisa may have been painted by da Vinci's students.

Discussion/essay questions

  1. The Mona Lisa’s fame came from the 1911 theft. If Vincenzo Peruggia had stolen a different painting, do you think that painting would have the same popularity that the Mona Lisa has today?

Transcript

The Mona Lisa is considered the most famous painting in the world. The piece was painted by Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci. It is currently displayed in the Louvre, a famous art museum in Paris, France. The painting gained international attention when it was stolen from the museum in 1911. It was missing for two years before a former Louvre employee named Vincenzo Peruggia was caught trying to sell the painting. Peruggia had stolen the painting because he believed that it should belong in an Italian museum, rather than a French one. After Peruggia’s arrest, the Mona Lisa was returned to the Louvre. However, the Mona Lisa’s fame attracted many vandals. In 1956, a vandal threw acid at the painting, causing damage. It is now kept behind bulletproof glass to protect it from any acts of vandalism. The Mona Lisa is also one of the most commonly replicated paintings. Since 1911, many artists have tried to recreate the Mona Lisa, and a few older copies exist that may have been painted by da Vinci’s students.


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