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Listen&Learn: The Russian Revolution

9th September 2020 by Jaksyn Peacock
Soldiers demonstrate in Russian Revolution February 1917

Pre-listening vocabulary

  • revolution: a successful change in a country’s political system
  • rebel: to stand up against a government or system
  • famine: an extreme shortage of food
  • poverty: a lack of money and resources
  • party: an organized group that attempts to gain political power
  • communism: a system where the government controls the production of goods

Listening activity

Gapfill exercise

The Russian Revolution was a period of time when the working class of Russia rebelled against the . This revolution began in 1917, when Russia was still involved in World War I. The war had caused famine and poverty throughout the . The people of Russia suffered poor working conditions, long hours, and low pay. In early 1917, the workers decided to go on strike. They were standing up against Russia’s ruler, Tsar Nicholas II. A political party known as the Bolsheviks, led by a man named Vladimir Lenin, was gaining from the working class. The Bolsheviks believed that communism was the only to poverty in Russia. After the protests became too much to handle, Nicholas II was forced to step down from the throne. The Bolsheviks gained soon after that, and Russia became a communist country.

Comprehension questions

1. The Russian Revolution began in

Correct! Wrong!

The Russian Revolution began in 1917.

2. The people of Russia were protesting

Correct! Wrong!

The people of Russia were protesting poor working conditions.

3. The ruler of Russia at the start of the revolution was

Correct! Wrong!

The ruler of Russia at the start of the revolution was Tsar Nicholas II.

Discussion/essay questions

  1. Imagine the Russian Revolution never took place. How would this change the course of history?

Transcript

The Russian Revolution was a period of time when the working class of Russia rebelled against the government. This revolution began in 1917, when Russia was still involved in World War I. The war had caused famine and poverty throughout the country. The people of Russia suffered poor working conditions, long hours, and low pay. In early 1917, the workers decided to go on strike. They were standing up against Russia’s ruler, Tsar Nicholas II. A political party known as the Bolsheviks, led by a man named Vladimir Lenin, was gaining support from the working class. The Bolsheviks believed that communism was the only solution to poverty in Russia. After the protests became too much to handle, Nicholas II was forced to step down from the throne. The Bolsheviks gained power soon after that, and Russia became a communist country. 

The French Revolution

27th May 2020 by Jaksyn Peacock

Pre-listening vocabulary

  • revolution: a movement that leads to change in a political system
  • unrest: a state of anger among the population, often leading to protests
  • reign: the period of time where a king or queen is in power
  • assembly: a group of people with the power to make decisions for a country
  • commoner: a person of lower social status; not a royal or a noble
  • abolish: to put an end to a system or law
  • monarchy: a political system where power is passed down through a family

Listening activity

Gapfill exercise

The French Revolution was a political movement that took place in the late 18th century. The unrest in France began during the reign of King Louis XVI, whose spending had led the country into debt. In order to solve this problem, Louis XVI called on an assembly of French citizens to vote on what to do. However, poor citizens found that higher-class citizens had the power to outvote them. This led to the decision to place higher on commoners. Angered by this decision, the commoners created their own assembly, and began to revolt. After invading Louis XVI’s palace, the revolutionaries gained of France. The new government abolished the monarchy and executed both the king and his wife, Marie Antoinette. But while the king was no longer in charge of France, the French Revolution would for years after his execution, as the new government waged war against other European countries that were afraid their citizens would follow France’s example.

Comprehension questions

1. France was in debt because

Correct! Wrong!

France was in debt because Louis XVI had made poor spending decisions.

2. The commoners were angry because

Correct! Wrong!

The commoners were angry because the higher-class people voted to tax them more.

3. France was at war with other European countries because

Correct! Wrong!

France was at war with other European countries because some leaders were afraid that their people would follow France's example.

Discussion/essay questions

  1. France was one of the first countries in Europe to abolish their monarchy. Many other countries began to do the same thing as time went on. Today, most European countries have elected leaders. Do you think this would have been different if the French Revolution had never happened?

Transcript

The French Revolution was a violent political movement that took place in the late 18th century. The unrest in France began during the reign of King Louis XVI, whose spending decisions had led the country into debt. In order to solve this problem, Louis XVI called on an assembly of French citizens to vote on what to do. However, poor citizens found that higher-class citizens had the power to outvote them. This led to the decision to place higher taxes on commoners. Angered by this decision, the commoners created their own assembly, and began to revolt. After invading Louis XVI’s palace, the revolutionaries gained control of France. The new government abolished the monarchy and executed both the king and his wife, Marie Antoinette. But while the king was no longer in charge of France, the French Revolution would continue for years after his execution, as the new government waged war against other European countries that were afraid their citizens would follow France’s example.