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Medical Specialists and Referrals in English

heart pulseMedical specialists are experts in certain fields of medicine. They either treat specific parts of the body, such as the back or the brain, or they specialize in certain diseases, such as cancer. Family doctors keep a list of local specialists and can help patients choose the right specialist for each medical issue. In many cases specialists require a referral from a family doctor before they will see a patient. Here is a list of the most common types of specialists. Study the list and then check your understanding by trying the test below.

Vocabulary

allergist
specializes in determining food and environmental allergies

anesthesiologist
specializes in pain prevention during surgery

cardiologist
heart specialist

chiropractor
back specialist

dentist
tooth specialist

dermatologist
skin specialist

fertility specialist
helps people who have difficulty getting pregnant

gynecologist
specializes in women's needs

massage therapist
specializes in muscle relaxation

midwife
helps women deliver babies in a natural way

naturopath
specializes in natural cures and remedies

neurologist
brain specialist

obstetrician
specialist for pregnant women

occupational therapist
specializes in workplace health

oncologist
tumour specialist, including cancer

ophthalmologist
specializes in eye diseases

pediatrician
specialist for babies and children

physical therapist
specializes in the body's movement

podiatrist
foot specialist

psychiatrist
specialist in mental health

radiologist
specializes in imaging tests

Referral Test

Read the patient complaints. Which specialist does each patient need?

1. I have a terrible rash on my arms and legs. I think I'm allergic to dairy food, but it also might be grass.


2. My husband and I just took a home pregnancy test, and it came out positive. We want to know when we are due and we want to make sure the fetus is healthy.


3. I still can't walk and it's been three months since my accident. I hate being stuck in a wheelchair.


4. The test results show that I have an advanced form of blood cancer.


5. My left eye has an infection that won't go away and my vision has been blurry for two weeks now.


6. I don't want to take any drugs that will cause me to become addicted to them, but I do need some sort of pain relief.


7. I've been having major chest pains this week. I'm also having trouble breathing.


8. I get terrible acne and I have tried all of the products in the pharmacy. I don't know what to do now.


9. My baby is not developing properly. She hasn't put on any weight in two months and she keeps getting ear infections.


10. My husband and I have been trying to get pregnant for three years. We have tried everything that the books suggest.