Crime and Punishment - English for Police
A crime is a serious offence such as murder or robbery. A punishment is a penalty imposed on somebody who is convicted of a crime. A punishment could be, for example, time in prison or a fine.
Questions from law-breakers or suspected criminals
- Why did you pull me over?
- Have I done something wrong?
- Is this illegal?
- What are my rights?
- Can I call a lawyer?
- Where are you taking me?
- Can I make a phone call?
Questions police may ask a suspected criminal
- Are you carrying any illegal drugs?
- Do you have a weapon?
- Does this belong to you?
- Whose car is this?
- Where were you at eight last night?
Informing someone of laws and police procedures
- You are under arrest.
- Put your hands on your head.
- I am taking you to the police station.
- Please get in the police car.
- You will have to pay a fine for this.
- I will give you a warning this time.
- I'm going to write you a ticket.
- We'll tow your car to the station.
- Smoking in restaurants is illegal in this country.
- It is against the law to do drugs in public.
Types of crime
|abduction/ kidnapping||taking a person to a secret location using force|
|armed robbery||using a weapon to steal|
|arson||setting fire to a place on purpose|
|assault||hurting another person physically|
|attempted murder||trying to kill someone (but failing)|
breaking and entering
|going into another person's home or business with force|
|child abuse||injuring a child on purpose|
|domestic violence||physical assault that occur within the home|
|drug trafficking||trading illegal drugs|
|drunk driving||driving after having too much alcohol|
|fraud||lying or cheating for business or monetary purposes|
|hijacking||holding people in transit hostage (usually on a plane)|
|murder/ homicide||taking someone's life through violence|
|shoplifting||stealing merchandise from a store|
|smuggling||bringing products into a country secretly and illegally|
|speeding||driving beyond the speed limit|
|terrorism||acts of crime against a group (political/religious) or another country|
|torture||extremely cruel and unfair treatment (often towards prisoners)|
|vandalism||damaging public or private property (for example with spray paint)|
|white collar crime||breaking the law in business|
Types of punishment
|leaves marks on driving record/involves paying a fine|
|driving rights are removed for a certain period of time|
(hunting out of season)
|pay money as punishment for minor/petty crime|
(a young offender who is waiting to go to court)
|remain in one's home for a certain period of time|
(a youth that steals a car for the first time)
|do volunteer work such as teaching children about crime or cleaning up garbage|
(man who assaults his wife)
|spend a certain amount of months or years locked away from society|
|life in prison
(a woman who commits homicide)
|spend the rest of one's life in prison with no chance of going back into society|