- 1. As you know an adverb phrase is sometimes a reduced form of an adverb clause in which subordinating conjunction is maintained but the subject and any auxiliary verbs are deleted, and the main verb is changed to an -ing form or left as a past participle.
- * After they returned to the US, they… => After returning to the US, they…
* How many of us would do the same thing if we were given the chance? => …if given the chance?
If the stopped, the risked a potentially deadly confrontation with criminals.
2. Make the adverb phrase negative:
With Nicholas lying on his deathbed, Maggie decided that something good ought to come out of this situation.
Without Nicholas lying… or With Nicholas not lying…