Defining and Non-Defining Clauses

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Dworkin
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Defining and Non-Defining Clauses

Post by Dworkin » Tue Dec 01, 2020 4:10 pm

Hi,

Please let me know whether my interpretations of the following are correct:

1. The allegations that Trump made during his campaign turned out to be fake.


Interpretation: There were allegations by many people but only those made by Trump during his campaigning were discovered to be fake.

2. 1. The allegations, which Trump made during his campaign, turned out to be fake.

Interpretation: Trump made allegations previously but only those that he made during his campaigning later found to be fake.

Thank you very much.

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Alan
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Re: Defining and Non-Defining Clauses

Post by Alan » Wed Dec 02, 2020 3:43 am

1. The allegations that Trump made during his campaign turned out to be fake.

Interpretation: There were allegations by many people but only those made by Trump during his campaigning were discovered to be fake.

Not necessarily. There could simply have been other allegations made by Trump (alone) at times other than during his campaign.

2. 1. The allegations, which Trump made during his campaign, turned out to be fake.

Interpretation: Trump made allegations previously but only those that he made during his campaigning later found to be fake.

Again, no. The use of commas indicates that the information in the relative clause is incidental and not intended to distinguish between different possible referents. There is therefore no direct implication here that Trump made allegations at any other time.

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