since 1997, the world's premier FREE website for learners + teachers of English

help !!!!! future or not?

English grammar questions, answered by Alan

Moderator: Alan

User avatar
New Member
Posts: 1
Joined: Sat Jun 16, 2012 2:14 pm
Status: English Learner

help !!!!! future or not?

Postby hannahm » Sat Jun 16, 2012 2:24 pm

I 'll return the newspaper when I have looked through it."
Are they both future clauses? Or is the first future and the second past ?

Why is it not "I'll return the newspaper when I will have looked through it"
In this case are both future?

User avatar
EC Teacher
EC Teacher
Posts: 12801
Joined: Mon Dec 29, 2003 7:56 pm
Status: English Teacher
Location: Japan

Re: help !!!!! future or not?

Postby Alan » Fri Jun 22, 2012 5:28 am

The main clause (I'll...newspaper) is in the future tense, while the subordinate clause( is in the present perfect, although its reference is to a future time.

This is the standard pattern for this kind of sentence in English, where adverbial time-clauses of future reference accompanying main clauses in a future tense do not take future forms, but either present or (as here) perfect.

The second sentence is, by virtue of the above rule, incorrect!

Return to “Grammar Help”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: tamguatlay and 3 guests