participle constructions

English grammar questions, answered by Alan

Moderator: Alan

New Member
Posts: 1
Joined: Fri Mar 21, 2014 8:50 pm
Status: English Teacher

participle constructions

Post by miboskip » Fri Mar 21, 2014 8:58 pm


I've got a question! If you want to replace the adverbial clause of the following sentence by a participle construction, what would you say?

Since they were disappointed with the outcome, the workers went on strike.

-> Being disappointed with the outcome the workers went on strike.
-> OR: Disappointed with the outcome the workers went on strike.

Is there a difference in meaning? Our textbook suggests that you use the first construction (being disappointed) because the adverbial clause of reason has got an active meaning.
Is it possible to see it as follows: They had been disappointed by the outcome, therefore the adverbial clause also has passive meaning, which makes it possible to use a past participle construction, too?

I'm confused!!! :-?

Thanks in advance for your help!

User avatar
EC Teacher
EC Teacher
Posts: 12855
Joined: Mon Dec 29, 2003 7:56 pm
Status: English Teacher
Location: Japan

Re: participle constructions

Post by Alan » Sun Mar 23, 2014 4:46 am

Both are possible. The participle in this case is optional.