capital letters when referring to a proper name

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narliza
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capital letters when referring to a proper name

Post by narliza »

Hello,

I would have a question about grammar and would be really grateful if you could help. I am writing an encyclopedia on history, and I wonder about the use of capital letters. For example, when I write "In 1786, the Audiencia of Caracas was established, having jurisdiction over the provinces of Barinas, Maracaibo, Margarita, Cumaná, Guayana and Trinidad. The Audiencia consisted..." Should I use capital "A" in "Audiencia" in the second sentence when it is clear that I am talking about a previously mentioned specific institution? Would same rule apply to names of other organizations and political functions like "The post of the Governor of Luisana was occupied since 1880 by Andrew Ubuntu. The Governor had far-reaching responsibilities..." Should Governor in the second sentence be capitalized or not?

A partly related question, if I write "Vaclav Havel, the first President of the Czech Republic", should president be capitalized? I read somewhere that when the name of the function comes after the name of the person it should be written small, but what if it refers to the official name of the political function/or if its clear that it is associated with the specific person?

Thank you in advance for any clarification in writing capital letters in these and similar instances.
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Josef Essberger
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Re: capital letters when referring to a proper name

Post by Josef Essberger »

narliza wrote: Mon May 20, 2024 7:21 amwhen I write "In 1786, the Audiencia of Caracas was established, having jurisdiction over the provinces of Barinas, Maracaibo, Margarita, Cumaná, Guayana and Trinidad. The Audiencia consisted..." Should I use capital "A" in "Audiencia" in the second sentence when it is clear that I am talking about a previously mentioned specific institution?
Yes

The Audiencia consisted :ok:

(It is clear that you are referring to the specific "Audiencia of Caracas".
narliza wrote: Mon May 20, 2024 7:21 amWould same rule apply to names of other organizations and political functions like "The post of the Governor of Luisana was occupied since 1880 by Andrew Ubuntu. The Governor had far-reaching responsibilities..." Should Governor in the second sentence be capitalized or not?
Yes

The Governor had far-reaching responsibilities :ok:

(It is clear that you are referring to the specific "Governor of Luisana".)
narliza wrote: Mon May 20, 2024 7:21 amA partly-related question, if I write "Vaclav Havel, the first President of the Czech Republic", should president be capitalized?
IMHO both options are possible here:

the first president of the Czech Republic :ok:
the first President of the Czech Republic :ok:
English Prepositions List by Josef Essberger
Extremely useful ebook full of examples and visual aids to learn prepositions :ok: Inés Barbero
narliza
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Re: capital letters when referring to a proper name

Post by narliza »

Thanks a lot Josef....so in the sentence " He was re-elected in 1951 and served a second term as president." Could president be also capitalized when it is clear from previous sentences that I talk for example about the President of Colombia?"
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Josef Essberger
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Re: capital letters when referring to a proper name

Post by Josef Essberger »

Again, I’d say both options are possible. So, yes.
English Prepositions List by Josef Essberger
Extremely useful ebook full of examples and visual aids to learn prepositions :ok: Inés Barbero
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