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Grammar

GrammarWelcome to EnglishClub Grammar - a complete guide to grammar for lovers of English. Many of these pages also have tests to help check your understanding. If you still have questions, feel free to ask at our Grammar Help Desk.

grammar (noun): the structure and system of a language, or of languages in general, usually considered to consist of syntax and morphology

What is Grammar?

Basic Grammar Rules

English Grammar Terms

Word-level Grammar

The 9 English Parts of Speech

These are the words that you use to make a sentence. There are 9 word classes, and the most important is the Verb.

Verbs
Many English verbs are action words, expressing what is happening (do, work). Some verbs are state words, expressing a situation (be, have).

Nouns
Nouns represent people (teacher, Mary), places (town, Asia) and things (table, music).

Adjectives
An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun (big, red, expensive).

Adverbs
An adverb tells us more about a verb, an adjective or another adverb (loudly, very).

Determiners
Determiners are words like the, an, this that come at the beginning of a noun phrase.

Prepositions
A preposition expresses the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word (at, in, on, from).

Pronouns
Pronouns are small words like you, ours, some that can take the place of a noun.

Conjunctions
Conjunctions join two parts of a sentence (and, but, though).

Interjections
Interjections are short exclamations with no real grammatical value (ah, dear, er, um).

Grammar Quizzes
Online quizzes based on lessons in this section

Sentence-level Grammar

Phrases

What is a Sentence?

Sentence Structure

Linking, Intransitive and Transitive Verbs

Direct Object

Indirect Object

Reported Speech
Here is the structure that we use to "report" what another person has said.

Parenthetical Expression

Grammatical Category
Including number, case, gender, tense, aspect etc...

Grammar Theory

Universal Grammar audio icon
The idea that the ability to learn a language is built into the human brain

Now try these online grammar games and test your understanding.
English Preposition List - PDF ebook for immediate download