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Think of grammar as a signpostEnglish Grammar Guide

Welcome to EnglishClub Grammar for ESL learners. This guide has clear explanations, basic rules, example sentences and quizzes to help you. We explain how grammar works, using simple English and diagrams that help you understand the concept behind each rule. When necessary, audio recordings and video accompany the rules. In many cases you can test your understanding at the end of a section. By reading these pages you will get the grasp of natural English usage and learn to speak and write English effectively. And please free to check the EnglishClub help desk or forum if you have a special question.

The 9 English Parts of Speech

These are the words that you use to make a sentence. There are 9 word classes - and the most important is the Verb!


Many English verbs are action words, expressing what is happening (do, work). Some verbs are state words, expressing a situation (be, have).


Nouns represent people (teacher, Mary), places (town, Asia) and things (table, music).


An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun (big, red, expensive).


An adverb tells us more about a verb, an adjective or another adverb (loudly, very).


Determiners are words like the, an, this that come at the beginning of a noun phrase.


Pronouns are small words like you, ours, some that can take the place of a noun.


A preposition expresses the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word (at, in, on, from).


Conjunctions join two parts of a sentence (and, but, though).


Interjections are short exclamations with no real grammatical value (ah, dear, er, um).

What is Grammar?

Grammatical Terms

Grammatical Category
Including number, case, gender, tense, aspect etc...

What is a Sentence?

Reported Speech
Here is the structure that we use to "report" what another person has said.

Parenthetical Expression

Grammar Quizzes
Online quizzes based on lessons in this section

Universal Grammar audio icon
The idea that the ability to learn a language is built into the human brain

Now you can play these online games and check your understanding.