We use possessive determiners to show who owns or "possesses" something. The possessive determiners are:
- my, your, his, her, its, our, their
Like all determiners, possessive determiners come at the beginning of a noun phrase, so they come in front of any adjective(s).
Look at these example sentences:
|possessive determiner with gender (Male, Female, Neuter)||example sentence|
|my||M/F||This is my book.|
|his||M||His name is John.|
|her||F||Her first name is Mary.|
|its||N||The dog licked its wounded paw.|
|our||M/F||We have sold our house.|
|their||M/F/N||The students thanked their Thai teacher.|
|SINGULAR or PLURAL|
|your||M/F||I like your hair.
Your two children are lovely.
|possessive determiner||contraction (sounds the same)|
This is your book.
|you're (you are):
Hurry up! You're late!
The dog licked its paw.
|it's (it is/it has):
It's coming. (It is coming...)
It's arrived. (It has arrived...)
Which is their house?
|they're (they are):
They're waiting. (They are waiting...)
Also note there as an adverb:
it is raining → it's raining
it has finished → it's finished
I'm taking my dog to the vet. It's broken its leg.