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each, every

The quantifiers each and every are a kind of determiner. They have similar but not always identical meanings. We always use them with a singular countable noun.

Each means "every one, regarded individually".

Every means "every one, regarded as a whole".

Sometimes, each and every have the same meaning:

But often they are not exactly the same.

Each expresses the idea of "one by one". It emphasizes individuality.

Every is half-way between each and all. It sees things or people as singular, but in a group or in general.

Consider the following example sentences:


Each can be followed by "of":


Every cannot be used for two things. For two things, each can be used:

Every is used to say how often something happens:

Verbs with each and every are always conjugated in the singular:
  • Each person is an individual. not Each person are an individual.
  • Every animal needs food. not Every animal need food.

More information on specific quantifiers: