Words with More than One Job
Many words in English can have more than one job, or be more than one part of speech. For example, "work" can be a verb and a noun; "but" can be a conjunction and a preposition; "well" can be an adjective, an adverb and an interjection. In addition, many nouns can act as adjectives.
To analyze the part of speech, ask yourself: "What job is this word doing in this sentence?"
In the table below you can see a few examples. Of course, there are more, even for some of the words in the table. In fact, if you look in a good dictionary you will see that the word "but" has six jobs to do:
- verb, noun, adverb, pronoun, preposition and conjuction!
|word||part of speech||example|
|work||noun||My work is easy.|
|verb||I work in London.|
|but||conjunction||John came but Mary didn't come.|
|preposition||Everyone came but Mary.|
|well||adjective||Are you well?|
|adverb||She speaks well.|
|interjection||Well! That's expensive!|
|afternoon||noun||We ate in the afternoon.|
|noun acting as adjective||We had afternoon tea.|