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Future Simple Tense

I will sing.

The Future Simple tense is often called the "will tense" because we make the Future Simple with the modal auxiliary will.

How do we make the Future Simple Tense?

The structure of the Future Simple tense is:

subject + auxiliary will + main verb
invariable base
will V1

For negative sentences in the Future Simple tense, we insert not between the auxiliary verb and main verb. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and auxiliary verb. Look at these example sentences with the Future Simple tense:

  subject auxiliary verb   main verb  
+ I will   open the door.
+ You will   finish before me.
- She will not be at school tomorrow.
- We will not leave yet.
? Will you   arrive on time?
? Will they   want dinner?
We sometimes use shall instead of will, especially for I and we.

Contraction with Future Simple

When we use the Future Simple tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and auxiliary verb:

I will I'll
you will you'll
he will
she will
it will
we will we'll
they will they'll

In negative sentences, we contract with won't, like this:

I will not I won't
you will not you won't
he will not
she will not
it will not
he won't
she won't
it won't
we will not we won't
they will not they won't

How do we use the Future Simple Tense?

No Plan

We use the Future Simple tense when there is no plan or decision to do something before we speak. We make the decision spontaneously at the time of speaking. Look at these examples:

In these examples, we had no firm plan before speaking. The decision is made at the time of speaking.

We often use the Future Simple tense with the verb to think before it:


We often use the Future Simple tense to make a prediction about the future. Again, there is no firm plan. We are saying what we think will happen. Here are some examples:


When the main verb is be, we can use the Future Simple tense even if we have a firm plan or decision before speaking. Examples:

Note that when we have a plan or intention to do something in the future, we usually use other tenses or expressions, such as the present continuous or going to.

Now try this quiz on the Future Simple Tense