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How do we use the Past Perfect Continuous Tense?

The Past Perfect Continuous tense is like the Past Perfect tense, but it expresses longer actions in the past before another action in the past. For example:

past present future
Ram starts waiting in past at 9am.    
 
 
9 11  
I arrive in past at 11am.    
Ram had been waiting for two hours when I arrived.

Here are some more examples:

You can sometimes think of the Past Perfect Continuous tense like the Present Perfect Continuous tense, but instead of the time being now the time is before.

  have
been
doing
   
had
been
doing
     
  past present future

For example, imagine that you meet Ram at 11am. Ram says to you:

Later, you tell your friends: