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How do we make the Present Simple Tense?

There are two basic structures for the Present Simple tense:

1. Positive sentences

subject + main verb
Present Simple

2. Negative and question sentences

subject + auxiliary do + main verb
conjugated in Present Simple  
do, does base

Look at these examples with the main verb like:

  subject auxiliary verb   main verb  
+ I, you, we, they   like coffee.
He, she, it   likes coffee.
- I, you, we, they do not like coffee.
He, she, it does not like coffee.
? Do I, you, we, they   like coffee?
Does he, she, it   like coffee?

From the above table, notice the following points...

For positive sentences:

For negative and question sentences:

Emphatic do
Normally, for positive sentences we do not use the auxiliary verb do. But if we want to emphasize (stress) something, we may use it. For example, instead of saying "I like your dress", we could say "I do like your dress", just to show how much we like it. Here are some more examples:
  • I do wish you'd stop.
  • I do apologize.
  • You do look smart today.

Present Simple with main verb be

The structure of the Present Simple with the main verb be is:

subject + main verb be
conjugated in Present Simple
am, are, is

Look at these examples with the main verb be:

  subject main verb be    
+ I am   French.
You, we, they are   French.
He, she, it is   French.
- I am not old.
You, we, they are not old.
He, she, it is not old.
? Am I   late?
Are you, we, they   late?
Is he, she, it   late?

From the above table, notice the following points...