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Gerunds

When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a present participle or it may be a gerund. It is important to understand that they are not the same.

When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an adjective, it is usually a present participle:

When we use a verb in -ing form more like a noun, it is usually a gerund:

In this lesson, we look at how we use gerunds, followed by a quiz to check your understanding:

Gerunds are sometimes called "verbal nouns". It should be noted that many grammarians do not like to use the term "gerund" because there is sometimes no clear difference between a gerund and a present participle.