going to


We use the special going to construction when we have the intention to do something before we speak. We have already made a decision before speaking. Look at these examples:

In these examples, we had an intention or plan before speaking. The decision was made before we spoke.


We often use going to to make a prediction about the future. Our prediction is based on evidence. We are saying what seems sure to happen. Here are some examples:

In these examples, the present situation (black sky/the time/damaged car) gives us a good idea of what is going to happen.

  • We use will for prediction when we have no real evidence: "It will rain tomorrow." (It's my feeling but I can't be sure.)
  • We use going to for prediction when there is some real evidence: "It's going to rain." (There's a big, black cloud in the sky and if it doesn't rain I'll be very surprised.)