Verbs

This section looks at the grammar of verbs—their structure and form—and how we use them in everyday English.

What is a verb?

The verb is king in English. But what is it?

Verb classification

We divide verbs into two broad classes.
Helping Verbs - Main Verbs - Quiz

Verb forms

Some languages have 30+ forms of a verb. English has 8 at most.
Main Forms - Helping Forms - Quiz

Be Verb Rock Star Song

The verb be is a very special verb in English. Listen to the song.speaker

Tense

Don't get stressed out over tense. Learn to speak naturally with tense.
What? - Tense System - Tenses - Songs speaker

going to

I am going to do it

for, since for time

for two days, since 1st April

Subjunctive mood

She insists that he come.

Voice

Active voice and passive voice
Cats eat mice. Mice are eaten by cats.

used to do/be used to

I used to do it. I am not used to it.

Future time

I will do it. I am going to do it. I am doing it. I do it.

Conditionals

if I win, if I won, if I had won

Modal Verbs

can, shall, must...

Multiword verbs

Including phrasal verbs
put out, look after, get on with

Questions

Do you like tea? Why do you like tea? Do you like tea or coffee?

Tag questions

You like me, don't you?

Infinitive or -ing?

I like to do, I like doing

Verb meanings with continuous tenses

Am I being silly?

Subject-verb agreement

In general a subject and a verb must agree in number: a singular subject takes a singular verb; a plural subject takes a plural verb. But life isn't always that easy.

Gerunds

Verbs in -ing form sometimes act like nouns.
fishing is fun, I hate working