Today we will look at two different terms: “near miss” and “cause”. We will use a short video to understand their meanings.
In the video you will see Muntazer al-Zaidi, an Iraqi journalist, throwing both his shoes at the US president, George Bush Jnr. The journalist throws his shoes quite accurately, but the shoes don’t hit Mr Bush. They “miss” him, but only just. In fact, Read on »
You may have seen those scary headlines in financial papers, or on TV: “Markets nosedive”
What does “nosedive” mean? These two pictures should make it clear. The first one shows an aircraft nosediving. The second one is a chart of a stock that opened at $90 at 9am and then nosedived between 3pm and 4pm to finish at $30.
So the joke going round the financial centres these days is “You’re not a bank unless you’ve had a government bailout.”
The UK, Europe, USA, Japan, now South Korea…they’re all bailing out the banks. To the tune of hundreds of billions of dollars for each region, trillions globally. But just what do bail out and bailout mean?
bail someone/something out (phrasal verb): to free someone or something from a difficulty or problem. If you owe a friend $1000 that you cannot pay, and your dad comes along and pays the money for you—then you’ve just been bailed out, your dad bailed you out.
bailout (noun): financial assistance given to a failing business (or a failing country) to save it from collapse
Right now, governments of the world are taking tax-payers’ money and giving it to banks to bail them out because without the bailout—so the argument goes—the banks would collapse and the whole financial system of the world would come crashing down around our ears.
NB: these are not the only meanings for bail and bail out, but they’re the only ones that matter in the days of Armageddon 🙂
With all these trillions of dollars that banks have misplaced and central banks are throwing around, it’s getting difficult to keep track of the money. We used to talk in terms of millions, and sometimes billions. But these amounts now seem somehow inadequate, paltry almost. The new paradigm is trillion (preferably in pounds, but even dollars will do).
What is a trillion? The modern* trillion is a million million (1,000,000,000,000 or 10 to the power of 12).
Just to recap:
million: one thousand thousand (1,000,000) [pathetic!]
billion: one thousand million (1,000,000,000) [so 20th-century]
trillion: one million million (1,000,000,000,000) [a sensible figure to lose]
but wait for it…
quadrillion: one thousand trillion (1,000,000,000,000,000) [you’ll need this soon for the hyperinflation that’s coming]
* the “modern” trillion is American English and now used in British English. In old British English a trillion was a million million million (1,000,000,000,000,000,000)—a truly handsome figure that even Hank hasn’t managed to get his sticky fingers around yet.
Watching CNN (or one of the other cable channels endlessly broadcasting the end of the world as capitalism knows it) I heard one of the “expert commentators” describe last Thursday’s sell-off on the London Stock Exchange as “a bloodbath – sheer, unadulterated, willful panic”.
What’s wrong with that? What’s wrong with “willful panic”? Please add your answers and comments.
(“When words lose their meaning, people lose their freedom.” Confucius)